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General
Weather & Climate Conditions

Because Japan is located in a region, where several continental plates meet, the country experiences frequent earthquakes. Please visit the special page about earthquakes. For the same reason, there are many volcanos in Japan. Japan's most famous volcano and highest mountain is Mt.Fuji. Due to the large North South extension of the country, the climate varies strongly in different regions. The climate in most of the major cities, including Tokyo, is temperate to subtropic and consists of four seasons. The winter is mild and the summer is hot and humid. There is a rainy season in early summer, and typhoons hit parts of the country every year during late summer. The climate of the northern island of Hokkaido is colder, and snow storms occur frequently during winter. In Okinawa, on the other hand, the mean temperature of January is a warm 16 degrees Celsius.

Month

Avg.
High

Avg.
Low

Mean

Avg.
Precip

Record
High

Record
Low

Jan

49°F

34°F

41°F

1.80 in.

N/A°F (N/A)

N/A°F (N/A)

Feb

49°F

35°F

42°F

2.40 in.

N/A°F (N/A)

N/A°F (N/A)

Mar

54°F

39°F

47°F

3.90 in.

N/A°F (N/A)

N/A°F (N/A)

Apr

64°F

50°F

57°F

4.90 in.

N/A°F (N/A)

N/A°F (N/A)

May

73°F

58°F

66°F

5.40 in.

N/A°F (N/A)

N/A°F (N/A)

Jun

77°F

65°F

71°F

7.30 in.

N/A°F (N/A)

N/A°F (N/A)

Jul

83°F

72°F

77°F

5.00 in.

N/A°F (N/A)

N/A°F (N/A)

Aug

87°F

75°F

81°F

5.80 in.

N/A°F (N/A)

N/A°F (N/A)

Sep

80°F

68°F

74°F

7.10 in.

N/A°F (N/A)

N/A°F (N/A)

Oct

70°F

57°F

64°F

6.50 in.

N/A°F (N/A)

N/A°F (N/A)

Nov

61°F

48°F

55°F

3.50 in.

N/A°F (N/A)

N/A°F (N/A)

Dec

53°F

39°F

46°F

1.80 in.

N/A°F (N/A)

N/A°F (N/A

About 70% of the land area consists of mountains. Japan’s rivers are short and tend to have fast, strong currents. Most lakes in Japan are located in the northeast, with the exception of Lake Biwa in central Honshu, Japan’s biggest lake. Japanese climate is influenced by monsoons, or seasonal winds. Winters are cold and often snowy. The island of Hokkaido has especially heavy snow, with average winter temperatures of about -9°C. Summers are hot and humid. The summer marks the beginning of the rainy season, except in Hokkaido. Heavy rain falls in June and July. The typhoon season begins in late August and lasts for six weeks. Spring and fall are usually warm and clear.