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Honshu (Honshu) is the largest island of Japan, called the Mainland; it is south of Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku across the Inland Sea, and north-east of Kyushu across the Shimonoseki Strait. Honshu is connected to the other islands by tunnels or bridges. Three new bridge systems have been built across the islands of the Inland Sea between Honshu and Shikoku. The regions are: Chubu (central), Chugoku (southern), Kanto (eastern), Kinki (a.k.a Kansai, southern, above Chugoku), and Tohoku (northern).

Kanto literally means "east of the barriers", as opposed to Kansai ("west of the barriers"), referring to the control barriers of the Edo period separating the two regions.

The Kanto administrative region is made up of the Tokyo metropolis (Tokyo-to) and the prefectures of Kanagawa, Saitama, Chiba, Ibaraki, Tochigi and Gunma.

 

 

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